BUIN- MIANDASHT( Rainbow people)
Contemporary Buin va Miandasht Region is one of the most important tribes in ancient Iran which was called Pertikan. It included Gei (Jei) and Gei A’an (Sepahan), Satrap Ekbatena (Hamadan), Verga (Ray) and Vanshan (Khouzestan and Ilam). In the era of the presence of Muslims and Caliphs, it was totally transformed. Sometimes it came under the rule of Al Ziar, Daylamites, the Seljuk Empire, and Turks. Then, it was destroyed by Mongols in 621 AH and the debris of its residential regions such as Buin and Miandasht Region were threatened by a severe earthquake as well as the invasion of locusts and famine, its population and social context were consequently threatened. Most of the lands of this region were destroyed with the advent of the rule of “Great Lor”. The Safavid Government in the Era of Abbas I of Persia took the control of its lands and then transmigrated Georgians from Georgia to this region in 1034 AH in order to realize different aims. These factors gave a new shape to this region in such a way that this shape has been remained to some extent. With the advent of the Constitution, a lot of Georgians shared in modernism of Iran.
The initial core of the city was established by two geographical areas of Buin and Miandasht. Founders of these two areas were Georgians in the time of Abbas I of Persia who were exiled from Georgia to Iran by Shāh Abbas by whom commands, some of the Georgian warriors were resided in Faridan Region for protecting Faridan and Capital Isfahan against the invasions of Lors and Kurds.
In the not too distant past, these two areas were in two sides of the river. The construction of Isfahan-Lorestan Highway (in years before 1972) and its passage beside these rural areas, provided grounds for growth and development of these two areas. The establishment of service and commercial facilities, buildings and places removed the distance between these two areas. This issue caused that the initial core of Buin and Miandasht City can be constructed. As experts believe, Buin means storehouse in Persian. The author of Profile of Arak City quotes from Professor Dehgan that the initial name of Astaneh City was Buin Karaj which was also called Buin Kara. Buin means storehouse and Kara means products. Miandasht which is called so due to being placed in a relatively expansive plain, is also called Tavali or Teverli (Georgian words) by the Georgians of Faridan. A lot of meanings have been presented for this Georgian name such as the Moon or fully attractive.
Special characteristics of Buin – Miandasht
- Buin and Miandasht Region is located at the west of Isfahan Province and at a distance of 185 km from the capital of Isfahan Province. It is located near Central Zagros Mountains. The region has an area of about 1020 Km2 and with an altitude of 2435 m above sea level is the second highest region of Iran. it should be also noted that schools of the city are located at a 2500 m height and the existence of a village (Ahmad Abad Village) in the height 2725 m above sea level, it can be claimed that this region is the highest region in Iran.
- Springs and natural pastures and plains covered with high vegetation as well as vast plains of dumping tulips (villages of Tangeh Dozdan, Shesh Darreha, etc.);
- The only Armenian-occupied village of Iran called “Zarneh Village”, churches, and the Armenian-occupied Piliston Park;
- Ghukas Church in Zarneh Village and Saint Mary Church in Khuygan Village;
- The existence of Fars people, Georgians, Lors, Turks, and Armenians who speak with their own languages.
- Tourist Region of Sarcheshmeh and Afus ski resort;
- Tourist Region of Sarcheshmeh Aghcheh;
- Tourist Region of Dareh Khowz;
- Tourist Region of the historical Noghan Bridge; and
- A kind of circular mourning rituals which is similar to Zar rituals.